高考英语也要考传统文化!常用名词和话题范文都在这里!

2017-12-19 17:06

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在英语考试里,很多时候会涉及到中华传统文化,比如传统节日的翻译,向外国人介绍传统文化的作文等。因此,掌握一些传统文化名词和背诵一些传统文化方面的范文,对提高听力、阅读理解、作文的成绩有着很大的帮助!


43个中华传统文化名词


1.元宵节:Lantern Festival

2.重阳节:Double Ninth Festival

3.清明节:Tomb-sweeping Day;Qingming Festival

4.刺绣:embroidery

5.剪纸:paper-cut

6.书法: calligraphy

7.对联:couplet;antithetical couplet

8.雄黄酒:realgar Wine

9.昆曲 :Kunqu Opera

10.黄土高原 :The Loess Plateau

11.中秋节:Mid-Autumn Day

12.儒家文化:Confucian culture

13.中国结:Chinese knot

14.《诗经》:The Book of Songs

15.《史记》:Historical Records;Records of the Grand Historian

16.《红楼梦》:The Dream of Red Mansions

17.《西游记》:The Journey to the West

18.《水浒》: Water Margin/Outlaws of the Marsh

19.除夕:Chinese New Year's Eve;Eve of the Spring Festival

20.针灸 :acupuncture

21.唐三彩 :Tri-color Pottery of the Tang Dynasty;The Tang Tri-colored pottery

22.孟子:Mencius

23.黄梅戏:Huangmei Opera

24.农历 :Lunar calendar

25.京剧 :Beijing Opera

26.秦腔 :Shanxi Opera

27.《本草纲目》: Compendium of Materia Medica

28.天坛 :Altar of Heaven in Beijing

29.文房四宝(笔墨纸砚):The Four Treasure of the Study;Brush, Inkstick, Paper, and Inkstone

30.春卷 :spring roll(s)

31.故宫博物院 :Palace Museum

32.五行 :the five elements

33.北京烤鸭:Beijing Roast Duck

34.敦煌莫高窟:Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes;Mo Kao Grotto at Dunhuang

35.兵马俑:Terra Cotta Warriors

36.旗袍:cheongsam

37.八宝饭:Eight Treasures Rice

38.东坡肉:Dongpo pork

39.中山陵:The Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum

40.玄武湖:Xuanwu Lake

41.夫子庙:the Confucian Temple

42.盐水鸭:boiled salted duck

43.云锦:brocade



相关话题范文

某中学生英文报就“保护中国传统文化”为主题举行英语征文活动。你准备给该报投稿,稿件内容包括:

1、保护中国传统文化的重要性;

2、列举1-2个你所知道的国家或当地政府文化保护的事例;

3、谈谈你对文化保护的建议。 

字数要求:120字。


参考范文

Protect Traditional Chinese Culture


The protection of national and folk culture is of great significance to Chinese cultural diversity and also to the harmonious development between local economic and social development. It is reported that the Guangdong government pays special attention to protecting Chaoju(潮剧), a local drama born in Chaozhou in the eastern Guangdong province.


In my opinion, some measures should be taken to protect traditional culture effectively. To start with, we should make a law to regulate the society’s performance. Besides, we should draw more people’s attention to it, for the more they know about the importance of culture protection, the stronger support we can get from the public.


In a word, it is high time for us to treasure and develop our own valuable culture.


假如你叫李华,最近你的美国笔友Tony要来北京体验中国传统文化,请根据他的问题回复邮件,为他设计北京一日游活动,帮助他体验中国传统文化。请描述你们打算去的地方、具体的活动安排、以及这样安排的理由。


提示词语:traditional Chinese culture, tea house, Peking Opera, paper cutting


参考范文1

Hi, Tony!


I’m glad that you will come to Beijing soon. There are lots of places of interest in Beijing. In order toexperience traditional Chinese culture better, I do recommend Beijing Hutong tour.


First, we’re going to go sightseeing along the lanes in Hutong. The houses in Hutong are traditional, such as Siheyuan. From them, you can imagine how people used to live. Of course you can stop anywhere you like and it is interesting to take pictures or have a close look. Second, we are going to pay visits to a Hutong family. We can have lunch there and have a short talk with the local residents, which can help you learn about many stories of the past. We can not only appreciate the dramatic changes that Hutong has undergone, but also see evidence of the history of Beijing, experience the old way of life and experience traditional Beijing culture.


In a word, Hutongs are the homes of common people in the past. It is easy to know how people lived and had fun in the old days. So it is a good choice to learn about traditional Chinese culture.


I’m looking forward to your coming.

Yours,

Li Hua



参考范文2


Hi, Tony!


I’m glad that you will come to Beijing soon. There are many places of interest where you can experience the traditional Chinese culture in Beijing, but I’d like to take you to Nanluoguxiang.


First, we can take a walk along the lanes in Hutong to feel the architectural style of the old buildings like Siheyuan and local people’s way of life. Besides, you can have a talk with the residents to know more about the history about Hutong. What’s more, we can try all kinds of local foods on the way. And you can buy some paper cuttings as gifts for your friends. When we feel tired, it’s a good choice for us to go to a tea house. There, we can taste all kinds of Chinese tea and get a lot of knowledge about tea. Most importantly, we can watch Peking Opera while drinking tea, which is a typical art to reflect Beijing humanities features. 


As for the reason why we go there, I think it can make you better experience traditional Chinese tea culture, the food culture and the characteristics of the old residence in Beijing.


I’m looking forward to your coming.

Yours,

Li Hua



假如你叫李华,你的美国笔友Tom对中国的传统节日非常感兴趣。他想请你介绍你最喜欢的一个节日,如中秋节、端午节、春节等,你通常是怎么庆祝的,以及你喜欢这个节日的原因。请你根据他的问题回复邮件。

提示词语:eat, get together, share, happy, special


参考范文1

Hi, Tom.


I’m glad to hear that you are interested in traditional Chinese festivals.


My favorite festival is the Mid-Autumn Festival. It usually comes in September or October. On that day, our family members usually get together and have a nice meal. After that, I always admire the moon and share mooncakes with my families.


I love this festival because I like eating mooncakes. They are in the shape of a full moon. They carry people’s wishes to the families they love and miss. In short, the Mid-Autumn Festival is a day of pleasure and happiness. I hope that my letter will help you know more about Chinese festivals.

Yours,

Li Hua



参考范文2


Hi, Tom.


My favorite Chinese festival is the Spring Festival which comes on the first day of the Chinese Lunar Year. There is a name for each year, such as the dog, the monkey, the tiger or one of the twelve animals, and this year is the year of the horse.


Before the New Year’s Day, the Chinese people usually give their houses a good cleaning and on the last evening of the old year, all the members of a family will get together and have a big meal. People usually have jiaozi, fish, niangao and many other dishes. On the first or second day of the new year, people usually go to visit their relatives and friends and give some lucky money to children.


Among all the festivals, I like the Spring Festival best not only because I can enjoy delicious food, but also because I can relax myself by spending a few days with my family, my relatives and my friends. 

Yours,

Li Hua

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