雅思真题:知彼知己,百战“小作文”

2018-05-16 16:32

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小新为大家整理一些近期雅思考试中关于“流程图”的小作文真题,所谓知彼知己,百战不殆。小新知道考雅思是一件非常“痛苦”又“快乐”的事情,希望今天的雅思小作文真题可以给考雅思的大家提供帮助~


小作文:废纸循环利用


考题:

The chart below shows the process of waste paper recycling.


根据下图流程图展示废纸回收利用的整个循环流程。请作答。


范文:

The flow chart shows how waste paper is recycled. It is clear that there are six distinct stages in this process, from the initial collection of waste paper to the eventual production of usable paper.


At the first stage in the paper recycling process, waste paper is collected either from paper banks, where members of the public leave their used paper, or directly from businesses. This paper is then sorted by hand and separated according to its grade, with any paper that is not suitable for recycling being removed. Next, the graded paper is transported to a paper mill.


Stages four and five of the process both involve cleaning. The paper is cleaned and pulped, and foreign objects such as staples are taken out. Following this, all remnants of ink and glue are removed from the paper at the de-inking stage. Finally, the pulp can be processed in a paper making machine, which makes the end product: usable paper.(160 words)


译文:

流程图显示废纸是如何回收的。很明显,在这个过程中有六个不同的阶段,从最初的废纸收集到最终生产可用纸张。


在纸回收过程的第一阶段,废纸是从纸质银行收集的,在那里,公众成员离开他们的用纸,或直接从企业。然后用手分拣纸张,根据其等级分开,用任何不适合回收的纸张。接着,分级纸被输送到造纸厂。


过程的阶段四和五都涉及清洁。纸张被清洗和制浆,并取出诸如订书钉之类的异物。在此之后,油墨和胶水的所有残余物从脱墨阶段从纸上除去。最后,纸浆可以在造纸机中加工,使最终产品成为可用纸。


小作文:天气预报

考题:

The diagram shows the process of weather forecast by Australian Bureau of Meteorology.

根据下图流程图展示澳大利亚气象局的天气预报流程。请作答。


范文:

The figure illustrates the process used by the Australian Bureau of Meteorology to forecast the weather.


There are four stages in the process, beginning with the collection of information about the weather. This information is then analysed, prepared for presentation, and finally broadcast to the public.


Looking at the first and second stages of the process, there are three ways of collecting weather data and three ways of analysing it. Firstly, incoming information can be received by satellite and presented for analysis as a satellite photo. The same data can also be passed to a radar station and presented on a radar screen or synoptic chart. Secondly, incoming information may be collected directly by radar and analysed on a radar screen or synoptic chart. Finally, drifting buoys also receive data which can be shown on a synoptic chart.

At the third stage of the process, the weather broadcast is prepared on computers. Finally, it is delivered to the public on television, on the radio, or as a recorded telephone announcement.(170words)


译文:

这个数字说明了澳大利亚气象局用来预报天气的过程。


在这个过程中有四个阶段,从收集有关天气的信息开始。然后对这些信息进行分析,准备演示,最后向公众广播。


从这个过程的第一个和第二个阶段来看,收集天气数据的方法有三种,分析天气数据的方式有三种。首先,接收信息可以由卫星接收,并作为卫星照片进行分析。同样的数据也可以传送到雷达站并在雷达屏幕或天气图上显示。其次,输入的信息可以直接由雷达收集并在雷达屏幕或天气图上进行分析。最后,漂流浮标也接收到可以在天气图上显示的数据。


在这个过程的第三阶段,天气广播是在电脑上准备的。最后,它是通过电视、广播或记录电话通知给公众的。


小作文:水循环


考题:

The diagram below shows the water cycle, which is the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth.


根据下图流程图展示地球上的水循环,包括水在地上,地表和地下的整个运动循环。请作答。


范文:

The picture illustrates the way in which water passes from ocean to air to land during the natural process known as the water cycle.


Three main stages are shown on the diagram. Ocean water evaporates, falls as rain, and eventually runs back into the oceans again.

Beginning at the evaporation stage, we can see that 80% of water vapour in the air comes from the oceans. Heat from the sun causes water to evaporate, and water vapour condenses to form clouds. At the second stage, labelled ‘precipitation’ on the diagram, water falls as rain or snow.

At the third stage in the cycle, rainwater may take various paths. Some of it may fall into lakes or return to the oceans via ‘surface runoff’. Otherwise, rainwater may filter through the ground, reaching the impervious layer of the earth. Salt water intrusion is shown to take place just before groundwater passes into the oceans to complete the cycle.(156 words)


译文:

这幅图片说明了水在自然过程中被称为水循环的方式,从海洋到空气到陆地。


图中显示了三个主要阶段。海水蒸发,像雨一样落下,最终又回到海洋中。


从蒸发阶段开始,我们可以看到空气中80%的水蒸气来自海洋。太阳的热量使水蒸发,水蒸气凝结成云。在第二阶段,在图上标记“降水”,水作为雨或雪下降。


在循环的第三阶段,雨水可能会有不同的路径。其中一些可能会通过地表径流落入湖泊或返回海洋。否则,雨水可能通过地面过滤,到达地球的不透水层。咸水入侵发生在地下水进入海洋以完成循环之前。


不知道上述三道关于“流程图”小作文的真题是否给大家带来某些灵感或者找到写这类小作文的方向呢?


小新觉得写好“流程图”小作文最需要注意的就是要用对时态,使用被动语态会显得比较客观和正式,其次就是找出流程图的始末点,并划分中间的步骤或者阶段。然后学会掌握表示“顺序”的连接词,用来说明过程的各个步骤和先后顺序。最后对于考题中出现的专业词汇或者生词,不认识也没有关系,你可以直接照搬~


简单来说,“流程图”小作文本质就是希望考生将图片中出现的文字和信息用连贯的语言串联起来,并不需要我们发挥其他多余的内容。小新希望各位考雅思的同学们可以熟悉上述的三篇真题范文,快点征服“流程图”小作文吧!


以上就是小新和大家分享的《雅思真题:知彼知己,百战“小作文”》,希望对各位即将备考雅思的小伙伴有所帮助哦~了解更多出国留学资讯,欢迎登录广州新东方学校官网gz.xdf.cn进行查看

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