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【新概念英语自学导读】第一册 Lesson37-38

2012-04-10 15:49

来源:http://gz.xdf.cn

作者:新东方论坛

 课文详注 Further notes on the text

  1.What are you going to do now, George?你现在准备干什么,乔治?

  be going to,是打算、准备、按计划在最近做某事,表示将来。请参见本课语法部分。

  2.Pink's=Pink is。

  3.It's for my daughter, Susan.是为我的女儿苏珊做的。

  Susan作my daughter的同位语。

  语法 Grammar in use

  将来时 be going to

  (1)将来时be going to的形式由am/is/are going to +动词原形构成。

  (2)将来时be going to的用法

  A. 表示“打算”、“准备”在最近做某事。(在非正式语体中,一般多用be going to,而不用will。)

  I am going to put it on the floor.

  我打算把它放在地板上。

  He is going to paint the bookcase tomorrow.

  他准备明天给书架刷漆。

  B. 表示按计划、安排要发生的事:

  The meeting is going to begin at nine.

  会议将在9点开始。

  Where are you going to build the road?

  你们将在什么地方筑路?

  C. 表示预言一件事即将发生:

  The meeting is going to begin at nine.

  会议将在9点开始。

  It's going to rain!

  天要下雨了!

  She's going to faint!

  她要晕倒了!

  (3)be going to的疑问式与否定式

  将助动词be提至句首可将陈述句变为一般疑问句。如:

  George is going to paint it pink.

  乔治打算把它刷成粉红色。

  Is George going to paint it pink?

  乔治打算把它刷成粉红色吗?

  在助动词后面加上not可以得到否定句。如上句可变为:

  George is not going to point it pink.

  乔治不打算把它刷成粉红色。

  词汇学习 Word study

  1.paint

  (1)v.上漆,涂:

  What colour is George going to paint it?

  乔治准备把它漆成什么颜色的?

  (2)v.(用颜料)画:

  Who painted this picture?

  这幅画是谁画的?

  (3)v.描写;描绘:

  His novel paints a peaceful picture of the country life in Europe.

  他的小说描绘了有关欧洲乡村生活的宁静画面。

  (4)n.油漆;涂料;颜料:

  Wet Paint!

  油漆未干!

  I bought a box of paints.

  我买了一盒颜料。

  2.work

  (1)v.工作;劳动:

  He works 45 hours per week.

  他每周工作45个小时。

  (2)v.从事职业:

  He works as a bank clerk.

  他是一名银行职员。

  (3)v.学习;做作业:

  If you work hard, you'll pass your exams.

  如果你用功的话,你就会考试通过。

  He wants to have a good sleep after a day's work.

  在一天的工作之后,他想好好睡上一觉。

  The students finished all their work in class.

  学生们当堂把全部作业都完成了。

  He is without work.

  他失业了。

  练习答案 Key to written exercises

  Lesson 38

  A

  1 What are you doing? We are reading.

  2 What are they doing? They are doing their homework.

  3 What is he doing? He is working hard.

  4 What are you doing? I am washing the dishes.

  B

  1 What are you going to do?

  I'm going to shave.

  What are you doing now?

  I'm shaving.

  2 What are you going to do?

  I'm going to wait for a bus.

  What are you doing now?

  I'm waiting for a bus.

  3 What are you going to do?

  I'm going to do my homework.

  What are you doing now?

  I'm doing my homework.

  4 What are you going to do?

  I'm going to listen to the stereo.

  What are you doing now?

  I'm listening to the stereo.

  5 What are you going to do?

  I'm going to wash the dishes.

  What are you doing now?

  I'm washing the dishes.

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