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【新概念英语自学导读】第一册 Lesson23-24

2012-04-10 10:56

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作者:新东方论坛

课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.动词的双宾语

在Give me some glasses中,动词give后面有两个宾语,即直接宾语some glasses和间接宾语me。人称代词作宾语时要用人称代词的宾格。请参见Lessons 21~22语法部分。

2.The ones on the shelf.是架子上的那几只。

本句是省略句,句首省略了I want。句中的ones代表glasses。on the shelf是介词短语,作定语,修饰ones。

3.These? 这几只?

是Do you want these?的省略形式。

4.Yes, please. 是的,请拿给我。

当别人问你要不要某物而你同意要时,就可用这句话。
假如你不同意要,则应说:No, thank you. 不,谢谢。

5.数字1,117,1,420,1,925,2,000的英文写法

1,117----one thousand one hundred and seventeen

1,420----one thousand four hundred and twenty

1,925----one thousand nine hundred and twenty-five

2,000----two thousand

语法 Grammar in use

on引导的介词短语

(1)我们经常在名词、名词短语、代词或动名词前面用介词表示人物、事件等与其他人物、事件等之间的各种关系,如空间关系、时间关系、因果关系等。介词始终带有宾语。即使介词与宾语分开时,这种关系仍必定存在。有许多固定的介词短语常可见到。许多介词短语是由介词+名词(+介词)构成的,如:on time(准时),in the middle of(在……中间)。

(2)当我们从不同的角度看空间中的位置时,应根据我们想要表达的意思来选择介词。想表示在一个表面(即看来是平面)上面时,就可用介词on:

the pens on the desk 桌上的钢笔

the boxes on the floor 地板上的盒子

the bottles on the dressing table 梳妆台上的瓶子

the magazines on the bed 床上的杂志

词汇学习 Word study

desk与table

在汉语中,这两个词都被称为“桌子”,而在英语中,它们仍是有所区别的。

(1)desk通常指有抽屉的桌子,用于办公、读书、写字等,即“书桌”、“写字台”、“办公桌”:

He is working at his desk. 他正在自己的书桌前用功。

I put it on his desk. 我把它放在他的办公桌上了。

(2)table通常指由若干条腿支撑着的平板,没有抽屉,即“餐桌”、“会议桌”、“工作台”、“手术台”等:

I've booked a table for two at 7.00. 我预订了一张两人桌,是在7点钟。

They sat round the table and made this big decision. 他们围坐在会议桌旁,作出了这个重大的决定。

练习答案 Key to written exercises

Lesson 24

A

1 Give Jane this watch. Give her this one, too.

2 Give the children these ice creams. Give them these, too.

3 Give Tom this book. Give him this one, too.

4 That is my passport. Give me my passport please.

5 That is my coat. Give me my coat please.

6 Those are our umbrellas. Give us our umbrellas please.

B

1 Give me some pens please.

Which ones? These?

No, not those. The ones on the desk.

2 Give me some ties please.

Which ones? These?

No, not those. The ones on the chair.

3 Give me some spoons please.

Which ones? These?

No, not those. The ones on the table.

4 Give me some plates please.

Which ones? These?

No, not those. The ones on the cupboard.

5 Give me some cigarettes please.

Which ones? These?

No, not those. The ones on the television.

6 Give me some boxes please.

Which ones? These?

No, not those. The ones on the floor.

7 Give me some bottles please.

Which ones? These?

No, not those. The ones on the dressing table.

8 Give me some books please.

Which ones? These?

No, not those. The ones on the shelf.

9 Give me some magazines please.

Which ones? These?

No, not those. The ones on the bed.

10 Give me some newspapers please.

Which ones? These?

No, not those. The ones on the stereo.

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