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【新概念英语自学导读】第一册 Lesson21-22

2012-04-10 10:55

来源:http://gz.xdf.cn

作者:新东方论坛

  课文详注 Further notes on the text

  1.Give me a book please, Jane.请拿本书给我,简。

  这是一个祈使句。祈使句表示请求或命令。(请参见Lessons 13~14语法部分的说明。)表示客气的请求时,通常加please。

  2.Which book? 哪一本?

  是Which book do you want?的省略形式。下文中的This one? 是Do you want this one?的省略形式。No, not that one是No, I do not want that one的省略形式。口语中常用这样的省略句。

  3.This one?是这本吗?

  相当于:Do you want this one? one是不定代词,代替 a book,以避免重复。one的复数形式是ones。one和ones前面都可用定冠词,也可有自己的定语。如:

  4.数字1,010,1,011,1,016的英文写法

  1,010----a thousand and ten

  1,011----a thousand and eleven

  1,016----a thousand and sixteen

  语法 Grammar in use

  1.人称代词

  代词,顾名思义,就是用来代替名词或名词短语的词,在已经知道所指的是谁或什么的情况下使用,以免行文重复。人称代词有主格和宾格之分。在陈述句中,主格代词差不多总是位于动词之前。宾格代词可代替处于宾语位置上的名词,它们可以作直接宾语和间接宾语。

  Give me/him/her/us/them a book.

  给我/他/她/我们/他(她)们一本书。(宾格代词)

  2.which引导的特殊疑问句

  (请参见Lessons 5~6中语法部分的说明。)

  用which +名词可询问物体(单数或复数)或物质。which总是说明一种限定的、特指的选择。如:

  Which book/books do you prefer?

  你喜欢哪本/哪些书?

  Which car do you like best?

  你最喜欢哪种汽车?

  词汇学习 Word study

  1.large与big

  (1)large仅指物理量值的大,是small的反义词。

  large主要指体积、面积、形状、数量方面的大,修饰人时指个子大。如:

  China is a large country.

  中国是一个幅员辽阔的国家。

  Look at that large woman in white.

  瞧那个身穿白色衣服、个子高大的女人。

  (2)big所表示的大,主要指不仅体积大而且很重。所以a large box未必big。big在修饰人时,主要指大人物,但个子未必高大。如:

  It is a big house.

  这是一所大房子。(此句指不仅体积大,而且给人深刻的或结实的印象。)

  She's very big in the filmdom.

  她在电影界中是个响当当的人物。(此句指不仅成功,且具有很大的影响力。)

  2.small与little

  (1)small指物理量值的小或少,是large的反义词,不带什么感情色彩。如:

  It is a small factory.

  这是一个小新概念。

  I want the small one with the yellow handle.

  我想要带新概念把手的那个小的。

  (2)little也表示小或少,但有小而可爱的感情色彩,是big的反义词。如:

  There is a little garden behind our house.

  我们的屋后有个小花园。(此句表示花园虽小,但很可爱。)

  She has the sweetest little smiles.

  她的微笑十分甜蜜可爱。

  练习答案 Key to written exercises

  Lesson 22

  A

  1 Is this Nicola's coat? No, it's not. Her coat is grey.

  2 Are these your pens? No, they're not. My pens are blue.

  3 Is this Mr. Jackson's hat? No, it's not. His hat is black.

  4 Are these the children's books? No, they're not. Their books are red.

  5 Is this Helen's dog? No, it's not. Her dog is brown and white.

  6 Is this your father's tie? No, it's not. His tie is orange.

  B

  1 Give me a cup please.

  Which one? This dirty one?

  No, not this dirty one. That clean one.

  Here you are.

  Thank you.

  2 Give me a glass please.

  Which one? This empty one?

  No, not this empty one. That full one.

  Here you are.

  Thank you.

  3 Give me a bottle please.

  Which one? This large one?

  No, not this large one. That small one.

  Here you are.

  Thank you.

  4 Give me a box please.

  Which one? This big one?

  No, not this big one. That little one.

  Here you are.

  Thank you.

  5 Give me a tin please.

  Which one? This new one?

  No, not this new one. That old one.

  Here you are.

  Thank you.

  6 Give me a knife please.

  Which one? This sharp one?

  No, not this sharp one. That blunt one.

  Here you are.

  Thank you.

  7 Give me a spoon please.

  Which one? This new one?

  No, not this new one. That old one.

  Here you are.

  Thank you.

  8 Give me a fork please.

  Which one? This large one?

  No, not this large one. That small one.

  Here you are.

  Thank you.

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