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【新概念英语自学导读】第一册 Lesson19-20

2012-04-10 10:55

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作者:新东方论坛

课文详注 Further notes on the text

  1.What's the matter?怎么啦?

  相当于 What's wrong?或 Tell me what's wrong。这个句型通常用来询问发生了什么事。假如要特别提及某人,可以在后面加上介词with,如:

  What's the matter with you?

  你怎么啦?

  What's the matter with Claire?

  克莱尔怎么啦?

  2.Mum,儿语中小孩子对母亲的称呼。

  与此相似,dad是对父亲的儿语称呼。

  3.There's = There is。

  它表示“有”、“存在”,为 there + be结构的一般现在时缩略形式。

  4.Two ice creams please.请拿两份冰淇淋。

  相当于 Give us two ice creams,please。请参见 Lessons 3~4课文注释。ice cream是物质名词。物质名词前加不定冠词 a或基数词表示一种、一份、一客、一类、一阵等。

  语法 Grammar in use

  1.there +be结构(1)

  在说明或询问人、物等的存在时即可使用there +be结构。说There's an ice cream man比说An ice cream man is there更合乎习惯,也更为自然。there +be结构可将重要的新信息置于句末,以示强调。此结构中的实际主语是be后面的名词。因此,假如该名词是单数就用is,如是复数则为are。

  2.人称代词与be

  英文中系动词be(是)必须根据不同的人称代词作相应的变化。请参见Lessons15~16语法部分中有关be的一般现在时形式的内容,包括某些缩略形式,如:they are not =they aren't =they're not,we are not = we aren't =we're not。

  词汇学习 Word study

  1.thirsty adj.

  (1)渴的,口干的:

  We're tired and thirsty.

  我们又累又渴。

  (2)(土地等)干旱的:

  a dry and thirsty land 干旱的土地

  (3)渴望的,渴求的(for,after):

  The students there are thirsty for knowledge.

  那里的学生有强烈的求知欲。

  2.matter n.

  (1)事情,事件:

  It's a private matter.

  这是件私事。

  He's not very interested in financial matters.

  他对财政方面的事情并不太感兴趣。

  (2)麻烦事,困难:

  What's the matter, Anna?

  怎么了,安娜?

  What's the matter with Steven?

  史蒂文是怎么回事?

  练习答案 Key to written exercises

  Lesson 20

  A

  1 Those children are tired.

  2 Their mother is tired, too.

  3 That ice cream man is very busy.

  4 His ice creams are very nice.

  5 What's the matter, children? We are thirsty.

  6 What's the matter, Tim? I am tired.

  B

  1 Are the children tired or thirsty?

  They're not tired. They're thirsty.

  2 Are the postmen cold or hot?

  They're not cold. They're hot.

  3 Are the hairdressers thin or fat?

  They're not thin. They're fat.

  4 Are the shoes small or big?

  They're not small. They're big.

  5 Are the shops shut or open?

  They're not shut. They're open.

  6 Are his cases heavy or light?

  They're not heavy. They're light.

  7 Are grandmother and grandfather young or old?

  They're not young. They're old.

  8 Are their hats old or new?

  They're not old. They're new.

  9 Are the policemen short or tall?

  They're not short. They're tall.

  10 Are his trousers short or long?

  They're not short. They're long.

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